Time Line

Frances and William Nightingale – travel to Europe
Parthenope is born in Naples
Florence Nightingale born in Florence
Nightingales return to England – house Lea Hurst unsuitable
William Nightingale bought Embley Park – Romsey Family visits
Aunt Mai married Samuel Smith
Aunt Mai’s son is born.
Both girls educated at home by William and a Governess
February 7th God spoke to her
September 8th Crossed from Southampton – La Harve
Travelled through France to Italy
December reached Nice
January 8th left Nice
January 13th reached Genoa
February 14th left Genoa for Florence
Feb 27th reached Florence
July made tour of Italian lakes
September reached Geneva
First meets Mary Clarke
April Nightingales leave for London
Alterations to Embley not completed until June
May 24th Florence Nightingale and Parthenope presented at Queens Drawing Room
Henry Nicholson falls in love with Florence Nightingale
July Embley still not complete
Henry goes to lea Hurst with Nightingales
September – return to Embley – though not complete
January – Florence Nightingale visits Combe Hurst
Queen Victoria’s wedding
Florence Nightingale studies mathematics with Aunt Mai April and May, stays at Octavius Smiths house to study mathematics     Summer – return to Embley
Dines with Palmerston at Broadlands
Christmas at Waverley
March – Nightingales went to London for season – Burlington Hotel, Old Burlington Street
Florence Nightingale meets Chevalier Bunsen
May – Nightingales return to Embley
Introduced to Richard Monckton Milnes
Stay at Chatsworth House meet HRH Duke of Sussex
Visits Bunsens – first hears about Kaiserwerth
Nightingales return to Lea Hurst
Florence Nightingale starts to visit poor and sick in nearby village Florence Nightingale did not want to leave Lea Hurst
Henry Nicholson asked Florence Nightingale to become engaged
January – Florence Nightingale went to Embley
Realised vocation lay in hospitals among the sick
Henry Nicholson proposes to her again– she refuses Marianne ends friendship with Florence Nightingale
August – visits grandmother who was ill
Wanted to spend 3 months to learn nursing at Salisbury Infirmary
Fowlers came to stay at Embley
Florence Nightingale suggested nursing at Salisbury – family outraged
Starts to study Blue Books and Hospital Reports
July – Nightingales returned to Lea Hurst Florence Nightingale visited sick and poor in village
Received Year Book of the Deaconesses of Kaiserwerth
Meet Charles and Selina Bracebridge
Nightingales stay at – Burlington Hotel
June – Nightingales go to Oxford
Autumn – Florence Nightingale breaks down
Bracebridges were spending winter in Rome – Take Florence Nightingale with them
October – left for Marseilles – Civita Vecchia [Port for Rome]
Meets Sidney Herbert
Family wedding – Laura Nicholson and Jack Bonham Carter – Florence Nightingale and Parthenope bridesmaids
Trip to Carlsbad cancelled because of revolution in Europe, went to Malvern instead
Florence Nightingale set on nursing – mind at state of unrest
Refuses Richard Monckton Milnes offer of marriage – although she thought a great deal of him
Bracebridges take Florence Nightingale to Egypt then Greece
Rescues baby owl Athena from Greek boys at the Parthenon
Returned home via Berlin
Visited Kaiserwerth for 2 weeks
On return worked in Adult School for Girls which she started near Lea Hurst
Parthenope jealous of Florence Nightingale
October Henry Nicholson drowned in Spain
Spring – met Richard Monckton Milnes [had not seen him since the day she had refused him]
April – slavery to Parthenope ended
Florence Nightingale stays at Wilton with Liz Herbert
Returns to Embley with Dr Elizabeth Blackwell
William Nightingale finding conflict in family unbearable
Parthe ailing – go to Carlsbad – Fanny relented and Florence Nightingale Was to go to Kaiserwerth – then join them on their journey home
William Nightingale ill – only go for treatment if Florence Nightingale with him Parthe better –because Florence was home again
Florence Nightingale writes Cassandra
Meets Manning – Roman Catholic Priest and Sir James Clarke – Queens physician
Parthe was to have a mental breakdown
Authorisation from Council of the Sisters of Charity in Paris – visit cancelled – Great Aunt Evans ill – Cromford Bridge House
Goes to Paris – spent month visiting hospitals and infirmaries
On day of entry to Maison de la Providence – Grandmother ill – recalled to London Florence Nightingale goes to Lea Hurst
The Institution for the Care of Sick Gentlewomen in Distressed Circumstances looking for a Superintendent
August 12th took up residence at number 1 Harley Street
Florence Nightingale received an allowance of £500 from her father
Takes rooms in Pall Mall
Florence Nightingale visits hospitals – collects facts to improve conditions for Hospital nurses
Confided in Dr Bowman – Kings College Hospital
Clough and Aunt Mai’s daughter marry
Cholera breaks out in London
March England and France declare war on Russia


August – Florence Nightingale felt action should be taken after Crimea, Sidney Herbert had failed her – Panmure evaded her
Florence Nightingale very ill and weak
William Nightingale left Lea Hurst for Embley unable to accept Florence Nightingale’s poor condition
Sir Benjamin Hawes invited Florence Nightingale to put forward suggestions for improvement of Army Medical Department – she refused him – felt she would be better off working in military Hospitals in England
Did not appear in Public
Herbert returned from Ireland holiday
September Florence Nightingale to stay with Sir James Clarke at Birk Hall – to see Queen Victoria
Royal Commission
New military Hospital to be built – Netley
November Fanny Parthe and William went to Burlington Hotel
William Nightingale returns to Embley
Statistics relating to British Army non existent
Parthe becomes ill – wants Florence Nightingale to nurse her
Florence Nightingale find Fanny and Parthe difficult
McNeil and Tulloch Report
Report of the Chelsea Board
Herbert ill – went abroad
Panmure asks Florence Nightingale for confidential report on her findings from Crimea
Uproar about Mc Neil and Tulloch Report
British Expeditionary Force sent to China – Florence Nightingale sets up plans for diet, accommodation medical equipment
April 27 Panmure visits Burlington – official draft of the Instructions for the Royal Commission
May 5th Royal Warrant issued – following week Commission began to sit
‘Notes on Matters affecting the Health Efficiency and Hospital Administration of the British Army’
Burlington Hotel – the little War Office
Dr Sutherland devoted himself to Florence Nightingale and her work
July – Begins report of first Royal Sanitary Commission on the Health of the Army
August – Florence Nightingale takes cure at Malvern [very ill] only took George [footman] – visit by Sutherland to finish sub     commissions – visit by William Nightingale
September – Aunt Mai goes to Malvern with Florence Nightingale
End September – Florence Nightingale returns to Burlington with Aunt Mai [Fanny and Parthe had left Burlington – end of summer]
Florence Nightingale now almost an invalid – family upset her.
January – Aunt Mai suggests Fanny and Parthe should give up coming to London
February – Fanny and Parthe to come to London – stay at different Hotel
Parthe interest in Sir Harry Verney
Moved into new rooms in an annexe of the Burlington
Aunt Mai – shut her house – girls moved to Embley – she moved to the Burlington felt Florence Nightingale did not have long to live
Clough became Florence Nightingale slave
Articles to be published, unsigned pamphlet ‘Mortality in the British Army’
February – Palmerston Government fell
Alexander appointed Director General of the Medical Department of the British Army
Summer – June Parthe marries Sir Harry Verney
Florence Nightingale spent at Burlington leaving twice for a weeks cure at Malvern
Received many important visitors
August – Alexis Soyer died
Royal Sanitary Commission for the army in India
Administration system of War Office
Shaftesbury – two papers on Hospital Construction read at annual meeting of the Social Science Congress –
Florence Nightingale expanded them into a book ‘Notes on Hospitals’  2nd edition published in 1860 and a third rewritten and additions in 1863. Following success of above, plans or various Infirmaries and hospitals were submitted to her
June – Herbert resigns chairmanship of the Commission on the Health of the Army in India
Florence Nightingale elected member of Statistical Society
End of Summer Florence Nightingale moves to Hampstead
Florence Nightingale very ill – mother comes to visit
Aunt Mai’s family becoming impatient
September – Florence Nightingale returns to Burlington
October- Aunt Mai family problems
Clough – failing health
Herbert – failing health
War Office – more complicated
Uniform Hospital statistics
St Thomas’s Hospital
‘Notes on Nursing’
Florence Nightingale now an invalid
Sub committee of the Nightingale Fund
Mrs Wardroper – St Thomas’s Hospital
‘Suggestions for thought’ anonymous copy sent to Benjamin Jowett by Clough – this was a failure
Baron Bunsen died
War Office reorganisation
Herbert ill
Dr Alexander died – cerebral haemorrhage, Dr Linton replaced him – opposed Florence Nightingale at Scutari
Aunt Mai returns to family – Hilary Bonham Carter takes her place
Florence Nightingale returns to Hampstead – South Hill Park Herbert visited her everyday
December – Sidney Herbert collapsed
Lord Herbert of Lea – took his seat in the House of Lords
Christmas Eve Florence Nightingale collapsed – very ill
April – Colonel Phipps, Private Secretary to Prince Consort – wrote to William Nightingale offering Florence  Nightingale an apartment in Kensington Palace – Florence Nightingale rejected the offer.
Bust sculptured by Stell
February/March – With Hillary’s artistic talent Florence Nightingale felt it was unfair for her to stay with her
Arthur Hugh Clough ill – April with his wife went abroad to Greece
Scheme for War Office reorganisation was launched
June – Sidney Herbert collapsed – Florence Nightingale felt he had failed her –  Herbert goes to Spa for treatment
August 2nd – Sidney Herbert dies
Florence Nightingale writes memoir – Herbert – Private and Confidential – on his Services to the Army
Florence Nightingale left Burlington – Hampstead
Lord de Grey appointed Under Secretary of State for War
Richard Monckton Milnes wrote to Florence Nightingale to encourage her to return to work
September – Douglas Galton appointed as Inspector General of Fortifications
October – Appeal from Secretary at War in Washington help in organising hospitals and care of sick and wounded
November – Florence Nightingale was persuaded to accept loan of Sir Harry Verneys house in London – 32 South Street
November 12th – Arthur Hugh Clough died in Florence
Brink of war with northern States of America
Canadian Expedition
Royal Sanitary Commission on the Health of the Army in India first sat – Transfer of Indian records not complete
Reports sent to Florence Nightingale
‘Observations’ – Indian Station Reports
General Hospital under construction in Woolwich should be staffed with female nurses under a superintendent Mrs Shaw Stewart offered post of superintendent – she refused – then changed her mind
Florence Nightingale first received letter from William Rathbone [in 1859 he had founded District Nursing]
End of Jan Florence Nightingale convalescent
Insisted Verney’s should return to their London House for the Spring Season
Moved to Chesterfield Street Mayfair
Census idea state of health etc [Sir George Lewis]
Sir Benjamin Hawes Died May 15th
Work of War Office to be divided
Barrack and Hospital Commission
Hospital – conditions people live in slums etc
‘Note on the supposed Protection afforded against Venereal Disease by recognising Prostitution and placing it under Police Regulation’
Mrs Shaw Stewart took up her post – did not get on with Governor of Hospital Colonel Wilbraham – he was alleged she treated nurses badly
Lord de Grey to succeed Sir George Lewis
Florence Nightingale’s involvement with the War Office
May 19th – Final meeting of the Indian Sanitary Commission
Florence Nightingale wanted report published -shorter edition published prepared by the Clerk to the Commission
Florence Nightingale had report published she wrote abridged edition to be circulated among army officers
India Office, War Office, India – report incorrect
November 20th – Lord Elgin died
November 30th – Sir John Lawrence appointed Viceroy of India he would consult with Florence Nightingale
‘Suggestions in regard to Sanitary Works required for the Improvement of Indian Stations’
Memo reached Villiers in December – he agreed to press for new London Poor Law Bill
Florence Nightingale to supply information to defend increase in cost of hospital  and medical services
Florence Nightingale very sick and weak
Once felt proud to be alone, now she dreaded it – would not see anyone
Made an exception seeing Garibaldi – but was not impressed
Friendship with Benjamin Jowett
Left 9 Chesterfield Street [Autumn 1862] went back to Verney town house 32 South Street, for a time she had a floor in a hotel in     Dover Street
Took furnished houses in Hampstead and Highgate Florence Nightingale moves into 35 South Street [street renumbered a few years later 35 became 10]
War Office and India Office had fallen out
Sir Hugh Rose – sanitary work in army had improved with his help
Sir John Lawrence returns – nothing had been done
March – permission given for Nightingale nurses to enter Liverpool Workhouse Infirmary
Mr Charles Villiers – President of the Poor Law Board
Agnes Jones Matron of Liverpool Workhouse Infirmary
Florence Nightingale drafted memo for Villiers – Workhouse nursing, workhouse schools and requirements of administration and     finance in workhouse infirmaries of administration and finance in workhouse infirmaries
ABC of Workhouse reform
Florence Nightingale wrote to Dr Hathaway Sanitary Adviser to the Viceroy – Barrack and Hospital plans
Hilary Bonham Carter dying of cancer she died Sept 6th Florence Nightingale very upset – opened old wounds  about family
Oct 18th – Lord Palmerston died
Winter – ill – unhappy – failure in India loss of power at the War Office combined to crush Florence Nightingale
Read books given to her by Benjamin Jowett – ‘The Rubaiyat’ ‘Atlanta in Calydon’
Became more dependant on Dr Sutherland he lived at Norwood
Dr Sutherland becoming more and more deaf
When scope of Barrack and Hospital Commission had been enlarged to cover Mediterranean – probable that Sutherland would be invited a rep. to go to Algiers, Malta and Gibraltar – to investigate recent cholera epidemics
Winter – met Mr Ellis – President of the Madras
Lord Napier appointed Governor of Madras
Florence Nightingale impressed with Lady Napier – efficient women – overhauled administration, tasted food in the kitchen, went into     accounts. Got hospitals out of debt by buying supplies through co-operative stores, such as the Army and Navy Stores founded in     1871
Florence Nightingale had received a grant of seven million – work began at once on India Army barracks and the plans were passed     to the  Royal Engineers Disturbing news reached her  – Engineers determined to erect barracks without civilian interference or advice     – scheme had gone totally wrong – all recommendations neglected.
Alterations requested by Viceroy – letter to Lord de Grey June 19th – 24 hours too  late – Government had been defeated
Tories now in power – Florence Nightingale now further outside Government circles
Lord de Grey succeeded by Lord Cranborne
Before sanitary questions considered, pay and status of Indian Officers had to be dealt with
Florence Nightingale had not been home for 9 years
Fanny’s eyesight got worse – Beatrice Smith as companion
Florence Nightingale travelled to Embley – saw no one- except to visit her mother
October – Dr Sutherland stayed at Embley and worked with her
Florence Nightingale enquired-sanitary conditions of Romsey and Winchester
Sir John Lawrence’s despatch on sanitary organisation still not answered at India Office
April – Metropolitan Workhouse Infirmaries Bill almost a certainty
June 18th – Government fell
Villiers out of office
Metropolitan Workhouse Infirmary Bill – lost
July – wrote to Gathorne Hardy – Villiers successor – he replied in a complimentary and discouraging letter – he did not invite her to     write again – or call on her.  Mr Farnell was removed from his post at Whitehall as Poor Law Inspector of the Metropolitan District –     sent him to Yorkshire
Gathorne Hardy appointed committee – sanitary and medical experts to report upon requisite amount of space and other matters in relation to Workhouses and Workhouse Infirmaries
October – Florence Nightingale pressed to have her name on the committee relating to Workhouses and Workhouse Infirmaries – they invited her to submit a paper on nursing – Florence Nightingale wrote frequently to Gathorne  Hardy
February 8th – Gathorne introduced Bill – Metropolitan Poor Act – reformers had no hand in Bill it was   passed in March 1867
`Metropolitan Common Poor Fund’
Part of money from Nightingale Fund to be used for establishing a training school for midwives in Kings College Hospital  – school flourished
Puerperal sepsis broke out in lying in wards following the delivery of a woman suffering from erysipelas – developed into epidemic – closed the school
March – Lord Cranborne succeeded by Sir Stafford Northcote
Sir Bartle Frere welknown Indian administrator for next 2 month Florence Nightingale and he met daily regarding  the Indian Medical Service
35 South Street ‘ the India Office’
Indian Sanitary Committee ‘Suggestion in regard to Sanitary Works required for the Improvement of Indian stations’
Secured Sanitary Department in India Office
Dec – spent nine days at Malvern
Florence Nightingale never took active part in feminist movement – excused herself from becoming a member of the London National Society for Woman’s Suffrage
‘Introduction Notes on Lying in Institutions’
London District nurses rapidly developing
October – Florence Nightingale pressed to have her name on the committee relating to Workhouses and Workhouse
Feb 19th – Agnes Jones died
War Office enquiry about Mrs Shaw Stewart and Colonel Wilbraham Dr Sutherland attended enquiry Mrs Shaw Stewart resigned
Military Hospitals – good nurses and superintendents hard to find
Dr Stewart and Miss Garret – compelled to give up employing female nurses abandon introduction of educated women  into nursing
Dr Elizabeth Blackwell first woman to qualify as a doctor – studied in Paris – qualified in America
Sir John Lawrence’s term of office as Viceroy ended
Florence Nightingale already established influence over Lawrence’s successor Lord Mayo
Florence Nightingale returns to Lea Hurst – Benjamin Jowett spent a week end of September Florence Nightingale bored
Gladstone intended to abolish Army Sanitary Committee, the old Barrack and Hospital Improvement Commission which was engaged in carrying out the reforms recommended by the Royal Army Sanitary Commission of 1857
December – Lord Napier of Magdala saw Florence Nightingale
Began ‘Treatise on the Reform of the Poor Law’ found it hard to complete shortened to an article Dr Sutherland sent it to Froude who published it in ‘Fraser’s Magazine’ for March 1869
Florence Nightingale found herself slowing down, unable to do as much as she had done before
Gladstone – disliked soldiers – opposed to increased expenditure on the welfare of  the Army
Sir Bartle Frere consulted Florence Nightingale almost daily on Indian affairs
Annual report of the India Sanitary Department produced under Florence Nightingale`s direction – secretaries of each    Presidential Sanitary Commission corresponded with her – she received and corresponded with Indian educationalists,  officals and literary men
War declared between Germany and France in June
July – National Society for Aid to the Sick and Wounded later called the British Red Cross Aid Society founded.  Florence Nightingale declined to be in charge of National Society – activities under her direction- Sir Harry  Verney, Douglas Galton and Miss Emily Verney on executive committee
Florence Nightingale elected honorary members of Bengal Social Science Association
Cholera broke out in Barracks erected in 1869 by Royal Engineers – Dr Cunningham, Sanitary Commissioner
to the Government of India – brought Florence Nightingale an Account
Florence Nightingale shut out of War Office, Poor Law Board, India – barrack failure weakened her hold on Lord  Mayo
Need for midwives and nurses
M Henry Dunant – Swiss philanthropist paid visit to London – founder of Red Cross Society bought about Geneva Convention
Lord Mayo assassinated by a convict while inspecting a penal settlement
Mr Bracebridge died
Emily Verney died
Florence Nightingale felt her work was finished
Cost of South Street large – William Nightingale financial affairs not prosperous
Wanted to be taken into St Thomas’s as a patient – Benjamin Jowett emplored her not to do this she abandoned her plans to enter St Thomas’s
Florence Nightingale began an investigation into the teaching and organisation of the Nightingale     School
Florence Nightingale forced to return home – William Nightingale was 77 Fanny 83 – Parthe now suffering from the first symptoms of     arthritis
Spent 8 months with family at Embley Also through winter
Spring – could not stand it at Embley any longer Parthe ill unable to help. Fanny went to London William stayed at Embley with Aunt Ju to look after him
On returning to London – reconstruction of the Nightingale School Mr Whitfield gave up his post as Resident Medical Officer of St Thomas’s – succeeded by Mr Croft
Mrs Wardroper matron of St Thomas’s found new hospital more demanding Assistant Superintendent appointed with title of House     Sister
Fanny became ill and returned to Embley by the end of June Florence Nightingale was back at Embley Benjamin Jowett   advised her to drop active work and concentrate on writing while away from London
Wrote 3 essays on The Laws of the Moral World [she turned away from practical affairs to the life of the soul]
Florence Nightingale working on a book
May – John Stuart Mill died
‘Suggestions for Improving the Nursing Service for the Sick Poor’
January- Florence Nightingale returned to London
January 10th William Nightingale died
Embley and Lea Hurst now property of Aunt Mai Florence Nightingale asked Aunt Mai to offer Fanny a home at Embley, she refused     [she was 76 crippled with arthritis with responsibility of an invalid husband] Fanny would have to installed in London with a     companion she was not happy
In July Embley was given up Florence Nightingale took Fanny to Lea Hurst
February – Quetelet – originator of the science of statistics died
January – Mrs Bracebridge died
Panmure died
Shore Smith and his wife Louisa tried to help Florence Nightingale
Florence Nightingale new helper Miss Pauline Irby
Fanny went to stay with Shore and his wife – became so ill and unhappy – had to be taken away
Florence Nightingale stayed in a villa at Norwood to look after mother
Fanny returned to Lea Hurst – most of the servants had left – Florence Nightingale found herself in charge of Fanny and Shores children, without housekeeper, nurses or governess
Pauline Irby left for Bosnia – she had collected Funds for orphans
M Mohl died
Dr Parker died
April wrote and signed a letter to ‘The Times’ reprinted into a pamphlet under the title:  ‘Metropolitan and National Association for providing Nurses for the Sick Poor’. On trained nurses for the Sick Poor by Florence Nightingale – 2 editions
First superintendent for the District Nursing Scheme for London Miss Florence Lees
Shore took Fanny once again, Florence Nightingale stayed at Lea Hurst for a few days peace
Florence Nightingale felt property at Lea Hurst not well administered
Florence Nightingale kept control of the Nightingale School and her nurses – her nurses kept in touch with her
Difficulty in India was money – Lord Salisbury wrote Florence Nightingale sent Lord Salisbury schemes prepared by Sir Arthur     Cotton – demanded a scheme for a commission on irrigation – Florence Nightingale made little impression
Famine ravaged Presidencies of Bombay and Madras
Committee of House of Commons appointed to enquire in preventing such famines in the future
Major defeat of above Florence Nightingale in conflict with India Office – unpopular
Lord Northbrook succeeded by Lord Lytton – Florence Nightingale did not know him, he did not call on her.
Book entitled ‘The Zemindar, the Sun and the Watering Pot’
Florence Nightingale in despair – India at a standstill
John Lawrence died
Estate at Lea involved in serious scandal [water]
Florence Nightingale spent Autumn at Lea Hurst
February 2nd Fanny died age 92
When Lord Lytton’s term of office ended in May Lord de Grey [Lord Ripon] appointed Viceroy of India
Ilbert Bill
Florence Nightingale aided Lord Ripon a great deal
Received letter from General Gordon – asking Florence Nightingale to see his cousin Mrs Hawthorn wife of a colonel in the Royal     Engineers – wanted help putting before War Office facts – neglect and ill treatment of patients in military hospitals by orderlies –     Florence Nightingale failed – friendship grew with General Gordon
January 26th 1885 Gordon was murdered [Khartoum]
Florence Nightingale took an interest in the Gordon Home for Destitute Boys founded in his memory
Uncle Sam died – Florence Nightingale began to correspond with Aunt Mai again
Florence Nightingale began to visit Parthe at Claydon
After Fanny’s death she had to leave London – went to Ramsgate – house lent to her by Lady Ashburton at Seaton,  in Devonshire
Egyptian campaign – under command of Lord Wolseley supplies not available to troops, hospital equipment insufficient etc. –     Florence Nightingale was asked to send nurses
Committee of Enquiry into organisation of Army Hospital Corps and army hospital supply, organisation and efficiency in the field     generally including nursing Florence Nightingale played a leading part in 2nd committee of Enquiry – regained influence at War Office     became friends with Director – General of the Medical Department Dr Crawford  – also Surgeon – Major Evatt
Dr Farr died
Lord Wolseley told Committee of Enquiry – female nurses at all stations – efficient
Mary Clarke died
Sir John McNeil died
Parthe became very ill – crippled with arthritis Florence Nightingale went down to Claydon to help out
Florence Nightingale became friendly with Sir Harry Verney’s son Fredrick Verney and the wife of Sir Harry’s eldest son Margaret     Verney
Gordon Relief Expedition sent to Egypt, female nurses officially requested by Government
Florence Nightingale chose Miss Rachel Williams as Superintendent
Sir Bartle Frere died
Richard Monckton Milnes died [Lord Houghton]
Florence Nightingale worked to ensure Lord Dufferin should carry on Lord Ripon’s work – she failed Khartoum had fallen
Lord Salisbury’s Government defeated, Mr Gladstone came into power
Another general election Lord Salisbury returned to power again
Introduced to Mr W H Smith Secretary of State for War- wanted to begin a programme of welfare work for troops
Lord Randolph Churchill – Chancellor of the Exchequer unexpectedly resigned
Smith left War Office went to Treasury – Army Welfare Scheme shelved
Proposal to give trained nurses official recognition – placing her qualifications on standard basis Florence Nightingale opposed proposal
British Nurses’ Association founded – objective to press for the register
Queen Victoria celebrated her Jubilee
Florence Nightingale health had improved, her mind was at rest
Lady Dufferin founded a ‘National Association for supplying Medical Aid to the Women of India’
Additional Funds were allocated to the Sanitary Commissions in India
Following institutions hospitals and organisations had matrons or superintendents – trained at the Nightingale School
Westminster School
St Mary’s Paddington
Marylebone Infirmary
Highgate Infirmary
Metropolitan and National Nursing Assoc.
North London District Association
Cumberland Infirmary
Edinburgh Royal Infirmary
Huntingdon County Hospital
Leeds Infirmary
Lincoln County Hospital
Royal Infirmary Liverpool
Royal Victoria Hospital Netley
Royal Hospital for Incurables Putney
Salisbury Infirmary
Parties of nurses under a Nightingale trained Superintendent
United States of America
Training Schools modelled on the Nightingale Training School – supervised and directed by Nightingale superintendents established: Edinburgh – Miss Pringle Marylebone Infirmary at St Mary’s Paddington – Rachel Williams Westminster Hospital
Queen Victoria – devoted major part of the money which had been presented by the women of England as – ‘Women’s Jubilee Gift’ to the cause of ‘nursing the sick poor in their own homes by means of trained nurses’
Mrs Wardroper retired – matronship – St Thomas’s Miss Pringle appointed – converted to Roman Catholic  Church felt she could no     longer continue as matron
Government of India set up a Sanitary Board in every province which possessed independent and executive authority
Dr Sutherland to retire – problem of finding a successor
W H Smith left War Office – successor Mr Stanhope
New committee set up – conduct enquiry among training schools and medical profession on their opinion of a nurse’s register
British Nurse’s Association published policy Florence Nightingale still did not agree
British Nurse’s Association announced they were applying for a charter
Aunt Mai died age 91
Colonel Yule, Sir Bartle Frere’s successor at the India Office died
Army Sanitary committee reconstructed – Douglas Galton remained Dr Marton appointed in Dr Sutherland’s place – Indian member – Dr Cunningham [late sanitary adviser to the Government of India]
May – Parthe died – she had seen Florence Nightingale a week before her death in London
Florence Nightingale became closer to the Verney Family stayed with Sir Harry until the Autumn Claydon was her second  home
In village Florence Nightingale embarked on new schemes – supported work of the District Nurse with Lady Health Missioners – trained to teach village mothers elementary principles of health in the home
Bombay Village Sanitation Act not producing results – not enough Funds to pay for it.
British Nurse’s Association applied to Board of Trade to be registered as a public company omitting the work ‘limited’  – object of     company to form a register of nurse’s and to lay down – qualifications needed for registration
Florence Nightingale presented case to Board opposing application – registration was refused
British Nurse’s Association not yet defeated obtained permission from Queen through Princess Christian to use little ‘Royal’ referred     to a special committee of Privy Council – heard in 1892 Florence Nightingale opposed – two counter – petitions opposing grant of a     Royal Charter Hearing took one week – victory for no one ‘British Nurse’s Association granted a Royal Charter, the word register     removed only had the right to ‘maintenance of a list of persons who may have applied to have their names entered thereon as nurses’
Dr Sutherland died
Lord Dufferin’s term of office came to an end – succeeded by Lord Lansdowne – close friend of Benjamin Jowett
Benjamin Jowett died
February – Sir Harry Verney died age 93
Mr Shore Nightingale died
Florence Nightingale continued to use Claydon as her second home
No longer went to Claydon – journey too tiring Never went back to Lea Hurst after Fanny’s death
Most people thought that Florence Nightingale was dead, she was a legend in her own time
Embley sold – Florence Nightingale said she was sad to be turned out of Hampshire never left South Street
Florence Nightingale maintained connections with India corresponding with the Viceroy Lord Elgin continuing to receive from India Office all paper on Indian sanitary matters
Queen Victoria’s Diamond Jubilee – Victorian Era Exhibition included a section on the progress of trained nursing – took great persuading for Florence Nightingale to give anything for the exhibition
Florence Nightingale received Aga Khan
Sir Robert Rawlinson died [had been Sanitary Commissioner in the Crimean War]
Florence Nightingale sight failed completely, except with great difficulty could no longer read or write
Florence Nightingale needed someone to help her – Miss Cochran
Miss Cochran left to be married – succeeded by Miss Elizabeth Bosanquet – Florence Nightingale became attached to her, and stayed with her until her death
Florence Nightingale had ‘The Times’ read to her every day
India Office was told it was useless to send papers on sanitary matters – Florence Nightingale quite blind and her memory had faded
November – Order of Merit bestowed on her by King Edward VII first time it had ever been given to a woman
International Conference of Red Cross Societies held conference in London – sent message to Florence Nightingale
Given ‘Freedom of the City of London’ Roll of Honour brought to her bedside, her hand guided to sign two wavering initials ‘FN’ but it was evident she did not understand what she was signing
Jubilee of the founding of the Nightingale Training School
After Feb Florence Nightingale no longer spoke
August – The end came for Florence Nightingale 90 years and 3 months
Immensely long will – dividing her possessions with meticulous detail
Buried in family grave at East Wellow coffin carried by 6 sergeants of British Army


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